Use of the Materials and Copyright

Access to the Hoji Shinbun Digital Collection is provided to users free of charge and granted solely for academic and research purposes (including studies of family genealogy and community history). For any proposed visual reproduction of the content or use of the material in publications, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives for further instructions.

The Hoover Institution and Stanford University hold no copyright over any materials in the collection. Most of the newspapers in the Hoji Shimbun Digital Collection were published in the United States and ceased publication during World War II, coinciding with US policies that sent Japanese nationals and US-born Japanese to internment camps, if not earlier, with no known continuation of the newspapers’ activity. Other publications were able to continue during the war or resume their activity after the war, with a few still being published today. We understand that the US newspapers published before 1923 are in the public domain and that those published after 1922 and before 1964 are also in the public domain, if copyright notices are posted on the newspapers and if copyright was not renewed pursuant to the Copyright Act of 1909, which protects the copyright for a first term of twenty-eight years. For more information, visit The still-publishing Rafu Shimpo (Los Angeles) and Hawaii Hochi (Honolulu) have graciously consented to make their content available in the Hoji Shimbun Digital Archive, with access to those publications restricted to the Hoover Institution and Stanford University.

Report Alleged Copyright Infringement

The Hoover Institution Library & Archives wishes to receive notifications of alleged copyright infringement on its Digital Collections website. If you are a rights holder and believe that our inclusion of certain material on the Digital Collections website violates your rights, please contact:

Name Kaoru “Kay” Ueda
Mail 434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford CA 94305-6003

When you notify us of an alleged copyright infringement, please be sure to include the following information:

  • Your contact information, including email address, telephone and/or mailing address;
  • A detailed description of the infringing material, including the exact URL where you found it;
  • A statement that you in good faith believe that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law;
  • A statement by you that the information in the notification is accurate and that you have the authority to enforce the copyrights that are claimed to be infringed.

Citation Guide

Chicago Format

Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title (Publication place, State), Publication Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL.


Magruder, Milton. “New Congress to Push Plan for Economy.” Hawaii Herald (Honolulu, HI), Jan. 4, 1943. Accessed December 19, 2016. URL.

MLA Format

Last Name, First name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title [Publication place, State], Publication Day Month Year, URL, Accessed Day Month Year.


Magruder, Milton. “New Congress to Push Plan for Economy.” Hawaii Herald [Honolulu, HI], 4 January 1943, p.1. URL, Accessed 19 December 2016.

Hoover Format

Last Name, First name. “Article Title,” Publication Month Day, Year, Newspaper Title, Hoover Institution Archives, URL.


Magruder, Milton. “New Congress to Push Plan for Economy.” January 4, 1943, Hawaii Herald, Hoover Institution Archives, URL.