Seishū Shinpō

Seishū Shinpō / 聖州新報 [Semanário de São Paulo], (Bauru, Brazil)

Seishū Shinpō Masthead

The Seishū Shinpō was first published by Rokurō Kōyama (Rocro Kowyama) in Bauru, the Northeast Region (Região Nordeste), Brazil in 1921. The newspaper served as a Nikkei community paper, primarily featuring practical information and advertisements in addition to local, Japanese, and world news. The newspaper was independently operated by Kōyama and positioned itself as a regional paper close to a large Japanese agrarian community in contrast to São Paulo-based newspapers. It gained popularity among Japanese immigrants by offering an immigrant’s perspective and became the No. 3 Japanese newspaper by circulation in Brazil, following the Burajiru Jihō and Nippaku Shinbun. However, the publisher moved to São Paulo amid heightened competition with newly emerged Japanese regional papers in Brazil in 1934. The Portuguese title changed over time from Semanário de São Paulo to Bemanario de S. Paulo to Notícias de S. Paulo when the frequency of publication changed from weekly to semi-weekly and to daily. The newspaper started featuring a Portuguese section after foreign-language publications were ordered to accompany Portuguese translations in 1939. Finally, Kōyama shut it down after all the foreign-language newspapers were banned in Brazil in 1941.

『聖州新報』は香山六郎によりブラジルのノロエステ(東北)地方のバウルー市で1921年に創刊された。地元、日本、世界ニュースの他に、実用的な情報や広告を主に掲載、日系人のコミュニティー紙としての役割を果たした。同紙は香山が独自に運営、サオパウロに本拠を置く他紙と異なる日系の農業従事人口の集中するノロエステ(東北)の地方紙として位置付けた。移民としての観点を提供、日系移民の間で人気が高まり、発行部数で『伯剌西爾時報』、『日伯新聞』に次ぐ、3大紙の一つになった。しかし、新たに創刊された他の地方紙との競合が激化、1934年にはサオパウロに移転した。ポルトガル語の新聞名は週一回から数二回、日刊紙と発行頻度が高まるとともに、『Semanário de São Paulo』から『Bemanario de S. Paulo』、『Notícias de S. Paulo』へと変わった。1939年に外国語の出版物にはポルトガル語の訳をつけるよう命令が下され、ポルトガル欄が付け加えられたが、1941年外国語新聞の発行がブラジルで禁止され、香山は廃刊を決めた。

Aoyagi, Ikutarō 青柳郁太郎. 1942. Burajiru ni okeru Nihonjin hattenshi gekanブラジルに於ける日本人発展史 下巻. 東京: Burajiru ni Okeru Nihonjin Hattenshi Kankō Iinkai ブラジルに於ける日本人発展史刊行委員會.

Fukasawa, Masayuki 深沢正雪. 2008. "Nikkei media shi." In Burajiru Nihon imin hyakunenshi ブラジル日本移民百年史, edited by Burajiru Nihon Imin Hyakushūnen Kinen Kyōkai Nihon Gohan Burajiru Nihon Imin Hyakunenshi Hensan, Kankō Iinkai henブラジル日本移民百周年記念協会日本語版ブラジル日本移民百年史編纂・刊行委員会(Associação para Comemoração do Centenário da Imigração Japonesa no Brasil. Comissão da Compilação da Historiografia dos 100 anos da), 80-116. Tōkyō東京 : Fūkyōsha 風響社.

De Carvalho, Daniela. 2003. Migrants and Identity in Japan and Brazil: the Nikkeijin. London: RoutledgeCurzon.

Handa, Tomoo半田知雄. 1976. Burajiru Nihon iminshi nenpyōブラジル日本移民史年表. São Paulo : San Pauro Jinbun Kagaku Kenkyūjoサンパウロ人文科学研究所.

Handa, Tomoo半田知雄. 1970. Imin no seikatsu no rekishi; Burajiru Nikkeijin no ayunda michi移民の生活の歴史; ブラジル日系人の步んだ道. San Pauro [i.e. São Paulo]: San Pauro Jinbun Kagaku Kenkyūjoサンパウロ人文科学研究所.

Hanzawa, Noriko 半澤典子. 2016. "Burajiru Noroeste chihō ni okeru Nihongo shinbun : 1910nen kōhan〜 1930nendai o chūshinni ブラジル・ノロエステ地方における日本語新聞―1910年後半〜1930年代を中心に" In Media - imin o tsunagu, imin ga tsunagu : tashiten kara yomitoku "imin to media" メディア-移民をつなぐ, 移民がつなぐ : 多視点から読み解く<移民とメディア> edited by Norifumi Kawahara 河原典史, and Yoshitaka Hibi日比嘉高, 105-130. Tōkyō 東京: Kurosu Karuchā Shuppanクロスカルチャー出版.

Lesser, Jeff. 2013. Immigration, Ethnicity, and National Identity in Brazil, 1808 to the Present. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.

Wako, Shungorō 輪湖俊午郎. 1939 [1998], Bauru kannai no hōjinバウル管内の邦人Nikkei imin shiryōshū. Nanbei hen dai-25 kan日系移民資料集. 南米編 第25巻. Tōkyō東京: Nihon Tosho Sentā日本図書センター.

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