Hawai Mainichi

Hawai Mainichi / 布哇毎日 [The Hawaii Mainichi], (Hilo, HI)

Hawai Mainichi Masthead

The Hawai Mainichi was a daily initially published on the island of Hawaii by Jiro Hayakawa in 1912 as a continuation of the Hawai Shokumin Shinbun. Hayakawa was an idealist without much practical experience. In 1920 the paper was sold to Shinji Tokushiro, who hired Gen’ichi Okubo as editor. It was the only Japanese daily paper on the island of Hawaii in the 1920s. The paper aimed to maintain its neutral position by not siding with any segment of the Japanese community in Hawaii. The Hawai Mainichi, however, increasingly became supportive of the Japanese military and Tokushiro was engaged in raising “patriotic” funds for Japanese army and navy in the 1930s. Immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the paper was shut down; Tokushiro was interned during World War II.

『布哇毎日』は早川次郎が1912年にハワイ島で発刊した日本語日刊紙で、『布哇殖民新聞』の後継紙である。早川は現実性の乏しい理想家と見なされていた。1920年に同紙は徳城信二に売却され、大久保源一が編集者として雇われた。1920年代にはハワイ島で唯一の日本語の日刊紙だった。『布哇毎日』は日系社会の一部に肩入れせずに中立的立場を取ることに努めた。しかし、1930年代、次第に日本軍支持を強めていき、日本陸海軍資金支援する 愛国公債応募同志会で徳城は指導的役割を果たした。真珠湾攻撃の直後に同紙は発行禁止になり、第二次世界大戦中、徳城は収容所に送られた。

Ebihara, Hachirō 蛯原八郎. 1936. Kaigai hōji shinbun zasshishi : furoku, Kaigai hōjin gaiji shinbun zasshishi 海外邦字新聞雜誌史 ; 附錄. 海外邦人外字新聞雜誌史. Tōkyō 東京: Gakuji Shoin 學而書院.

Hawaii Newspaper Project, Sophia McMillen, and Nancy Jane Morris. 1987. Hawaii Newspapers: A Union List. [Honolulu]: n.a.

Sakamaki, Shunzo. 1928. “A History of the Japanese Press in Hawaii.” M.A. thesis, History and Political Science, University of Hawai’i.

“Index to Japanese American Detainees on Angel Island or Sharp Park.” Accessed on June 28, 2017. https://www.aiisf.org/index.php/education/station-history/jacs/index-to-japanese-american-detainees-on-angel-island-or-sharp-park/3/entry?limit=25&filter_order_Dir=desc&start=100

“Aikoku kōsai ōbo undō Hawaitō yūshi taikai kitaru muika Hiro de kaisai 愛国公債応募運動 布哇島有志大会 来たる六日 ヒロで開催.” Nippu Jiji (Honolulu, HI) November 2, 1938. Accessed July 10, 2017. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/tnj19381102-02.1.8

“Aikoku Kōsai Ōbo Dōshikai kaisan hōkokukai kaisai 愛国公債応募同志会解散報告会開催.” Nippu Jiji (Honolulu, HI) February 21, 1939. Accessed July 10, 2017. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/tnj19390221-01.1.8

1943 Japanese Activities in the Hawaiian Islands as an Internal Security Problem, Counter-Intelligence Section, B-7-J, District Intelligence Office, 14th Naval District, Honolulu, A8-5/EF 37(3) RG85, National Archives, San Francisco

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