Kazan Shinbun

Kazan Shinbun / 火山新聞 [The Kwazan], (Hilo, HI)

Kazan Shinbun Masthead

The Kwazan, first published by Kōhachi Yamamura in 1914, became the fourth Japanese-language newspaper published in Hilo, the island of Hawaii. Prior to the Kwazan, Yamamura was managing the Kainan Shinpō and was known for his sharp critique of his competitors. In the 1930’s, the Kwazan was renamed Kwazan Shinbun by Yaroku Tanaka. The frequency of publication changed multiple times over time and became daily in 1931. The Kwazan Shinbun ceased to publish at the onset of the Pacific War.

『火山』は1914年に山村幸八がハワイ島のヒロ市で発刊し、同市の第4番目の邦字新聞となった。『火山』の前は、中村は『海南新報』を経営、ライバルに対する手厳しい批評で知られていた。1930年代に田中彌六が社長となり、『火山新聞』に改題した。発行頻度は数回変更、1931年からは日刊紙になった。『火山新聞』は太平洋戦争勃発後、発行を停止した。

“Hōji shinbunkai no senpai: Yamamura Kōhachi ō kyūseisu 邦字新聞界の先輩 山村幸八翁急逝す.” Nippu Jiji (Honolulu, HI) May 11, 1936. Accessed on March 6, 2019. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/tnj19360511-01.1.10

“Hiro Kazan shinbun nikkan sōshi jusshūnen kinengō keikakuchūヒロ火山新聞日刊創始十周年記念号計画中.” Maui Rekōdo (Wailuku, HI) May 24, 1940. Accessed on March 6, 2019. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/mar19400524-01.1.2

“Hiro no shinbunkai ヒロの新聞界.” Jitsugyō no Hawaii (Honolulu, HI) January 1, 1918. Accessed on March 6, 2019. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/jnh19180101-01.1.113

“「Kazan」raigetsu mikka hakkan『火山』来月3日発刊.” Nippu Jiji (Honolulu, HI) June 30, 1914. Accessed on March 6, 2019. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/tnj19140630-01.1.5

“Kazanshi fukkatsu 火山紙復活.” Nippu Jiji (Honolulu, HI) October 6, 1927. Accessed on March 6, 2019. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/tnj19271006-01.1.7

“Nikkei ōshū gunjin kōenkai no soshikini tsuite dōhō ni uttafu日系応招軍人後援会の組織に就いて同胞に訴ふ.” Jitsugyō no Hawaii (Honolulu, HI) November 15, 1940. Accessed on March 6, 2019. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/jnh19401115-01.1.5

“Yamamura Kōhachi ron 山村幸八論.” Nippu Jiji (Honolulu, HI) October 9, 1909. Accessed on March 6, 2019. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/tnj19091009-01.1.4

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1941