The Davao Times

The Davao Times, (Davao, the Philippines)

The Davao Times Masthead

The Davao Times was published in English and Visayan (Bisayan), and Tagalog in Davao, the Philippines. The twice-weekly issues were put out for local residents after the Japanese army’s occupation. The newspaper states the publisher was the Philippine Publication with the editor, Celestino Chaves, a former governor of the Davao province and Japanese sympathizer. The Japanese ambassador Murata Shūnzō’s report from the Philippines shows, however, it was published by the Davao branch of the Manira Shinbunsha. The publication is likely to have started in early 1944, estimated from the few surviving issues. The newspaper consisted of the Japanese war government’s propaganda news dispatched by a national news agency Dōmei, local news, disciplinary editorials, conversation lessons of Japanese, English, Tagalog and Visayan among others. The Japanese army delegated Ōsaka Mainichi Shinbunsha (merged with Tōkyō Nichi Nichi Shinbunsha in 1943) to be in charge of the Japanese newspaper operation in the Philippines, while still keeping it under military control.

『ダヴァオ・タイムス』はフィリピンのダヴァオ市で、英語、ヴィサヤ語、タガログ語で発行された。日本軍占領後、地元の住民を対象に週二回発行された。新聞には元ダヴァオ州知事で、親日派のセレスティノ・チャヴェスを編集長とするフィリピン・パブリケーション発行と記載されている。しかし、在フィリピン日本領事の報告書には同紙は『マニラ新聞』のダヴァオ支店が発行したと記録されている。存続する号数は限られており、恐らく1944年初頭に発刊されたと推測される。国営、同盟通信社が発信する日本軍事政権のプロパガンダニュース、規律を促す論評、日本語、英語、タガログ語、ヴィサヤ語の会話レッスンなどが掲載された。日本軍はフィリピンでの新聞報道を軍管轄下に置き、大阪毎日新聞社(1943年に東京日日新聞社と合併)の派遣社員にフィリピンでの新聞経営を行わせた。

Daihon‘ei Rikugunbu大本営陸軍部. 1944. “Dai-6 Hitō ni okeru senden kyōka: saikin ni okeru Hitō jijō第6 比島に於ける宣伝教化: 最近に於ける比島事情.” Ref. No. C14020711400. National Institute for Defense Studies, Ministry of Defense. 防衛省防衛研究所 https://www.jacar.go.jp/

Goodman, Grant Kohn. 1967. Davao: a case study in Japanese-Philippine relations. [Lawrence]: Center for East Asian Studies, University of Kansas.

Hayase, Shinzō早瀬 晋三. “Nihon senryō・seiryokuka no Tōnan Ajia de hakkō sareta shinbun日本占領・勢力下の東南アジアで発行された新聞 =The Newspapers Published in Southeast Asia under Japanese Occupation and Influence in 1941–45.” Ajia Taiheiyō Tōkyūアジア太平洋討究27 (2016): 61–100.

Iwashita, Yūji 岩下逌爾 ”Manira・Serebesu to kainantō no shinbunマニラ・セレベスと海南島の新聞.” Kokusai bunka 国際文化27 (1943) : 63‒67.

Mainichi Shinbun Hyakunenshi Kankō Iinkai每日新聞百年史刊行委員会編. 1972. Mainichi shinbun hyakunenshi: 1872–1972每日新聞百年史 : 1872–1972. Tōkyō東京: Mainichi Shinbunsha每日新聞社.

Murata, Shūnzō村田省蔵. 1944.”「Firipin」ni okeru kankōbutsu chōsa hōkoku no ken「フイリピン」ニ於ケル刊行物調査報告ノ件.” Ref. No. B02031074700 Diplomatic Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs外務省外交史料館. https://www.jacar.go.jp/

Nanjō, Takehiko南條岳彦. 1995. 1945-nen Manira Shinbun: aru Mainichi Shinbun kisha no shūshō一九四五年マニラ新聞 : ある每日新聞記者の終章. Tōkyō東京: Sōshisha草思社.

Satō, Masaharu佐藤正晴. “Senjika Nihon no nanpō senryō to Shinbun kyanpēn戦時下日本の南方占領と新聞キャンペーン= Occupation and the Newspaper Campaign for Southeast Asia in Wartime Japan 1941–45.” Nenpō shakaigaku ronshū年報社会学論集11 (1998): 179-190.

“Foe Blasted at Saipan.” The Davos Times (Davao, Philippine Islands) June 22, 1944. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/dvo19440622-01.1.1

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1944