Daijūkyūseiki / 第十九世紀 [The Nineteenth Century], (San Francisco, CA)

Daijūkyūseiki Masthead

The Daijūkyūseiki (The Nineteenth Century) was the first paper of Nihonjin Aikoku Yūshi Dōmei (later renamed Nihonjin Aikoku Dōmei, Japanese Patriotic League), an organization formed by a group of young Japanese men in San Francisco in 1888. The paper, broadly considered part of the Jiyū Minken Undō (Freedom and People’s Rights Movement), expressed political opinions and aimed to promote democracy in Japan. The Daijūkyūseiki increasingly reported political events and social development in the United States and other countries relevant to the Japanese. The league managed to publish the weekly paper for almost two years, despite the Meiji government’s censorship, but was eventually forced to cease the publication on November 22, 1889, after distribution in Japan was banished. The paper was continued by the Jiyū (The Liberty).

『第十九世紀』は1888年サンフランシスコ在住の日本人青年により結成された日本人愛国有志同盟(後に日本人愛国同盟に改名)の初代機関紙である。自由民権運動の流れを組み、政論の発表、日本の民主主義化を要求した。『第十九世紀』は日本人に関連のある米国や他の諸国での政治、社会上の出来事も次第に掲載するようになった。明治政府の検閲にもかかわらず、 ほぼ2年間、週刊発行されたが、日本での配布禁止後、1889年11月22日発行号で幕を閉じた。後継紙は『自由』である。

Arai, Katsuhiro新井勝紘. 1986. " Jiyū minkenki no tobei hōjin katsudōshi (jo)."自由民権期の渡米邦人活動史(序)." In Beikoku shoki no Nihongo shinbun米国初期の日本語新聞, edited by Norio Tamura田村紀雄 and Shigehiko Shiramizu白水繁彦, 233-256. Tōkyō東京: Keisō Shobō勁草書房.

Ebihara, Hachirō蛯原八郎. 1934. "Sōkō Nihonjin Aikoku Dōmei shimatsu : shuto shi te sono kikanshi o chūshin ni桑港日本人愛国同盟始末―主として其機関紙を中心に." Meiji bunka kenkyū 明治文化研究 2:98-117.

Shin Nichibei Shinbunsha新日米新聞社. 1961. Nichibei shūkō hyakunensai kinen Beikoku Nikkeijin hyakunenshi : zaibei Nikkeijin hatten jinshiroku.日米修好百年祭記念米國日系人百年史 : 在米日系人発展人士錄, edited by Shin’ichi Katō加藤新一. Los Angeles: Shin Nichibei Shinbunsha新日米新聞社.

Park, Robert Ezra. 1922. The Immigrant Press and its Control. New York: Harper & Brothers.

The headline transcript in the left pane was contributed from the Yasuo Sakata papers, Hoover Institution Archives.