Chōsen Shinbun

Chōsen Shinbun / 朝鮮新聞 [The Chōsen Shimbun], (Incheon/Seoul, Korea)

Chōsen Shinbun Masthead

The Chōsen Shinbun was created under the leadership of Kazuo Hagitani after the merger of Chōsen Shinpō and the Chōsen Times in 1908. The press became the most powerful Japanese-language newspaper in Incheon. The publisher moved its headquarters from Incheon to Keijō (today’s Seoul) in 1919 with a management change to Kōzō Makiyama of the House of Representatives the following year. The newspaper was published twice daily, taking a position to represent private Japanese voices in the Korean peninsula. The Japanese colonial authorities suspended its publication several times after the Chōsen Shinbun became engaged in heated discussions with the Japanese colonial government’s organ paper, the Keijō Nippō, or criticized the policies of the Governor-General of Korea. It operated branch bureaus throughout Korea as well as a few in China. The newspaper ceased to publish after the Governor-General consolidated Japanese-language newspapers into one in each province in 1942.

朝鮮新報』と『朝鮮タイムス』が合併、1908年に社主萩谷籌夫の下、『朝鮮新聞』が発刊された。仁川でも最も有力な日本語新聞となった。1919年に、同社は本社を仁川から京城(現在のソウル)に移転、翌年には衆議院議員、牧山耕蔵が社長に就任した。朝鮮半島での日本人の民間の声を反映するとのスタンスをとり、毎日2回発行された。朝鮮総督府の機関紙『京城日報』と白熱した論戦を展開したり、総督の政策批判を行ったりし、数回にわたって発行停止処分になった。朝鮮半島全土に支局を展開、中国にも数カ所支局があった。総督府の一道一紙制作により、1942年に廃刊となった。

Ikawa, Mitsuo井川 充雄. 2016. Senzenki "gaichi" zasshi, shinbun sōran: Chōsen, Manshū, Taiwan no genronkai dai 4-kan 戦前期「外地」雑誌・新聞総覧 : 朝鮮・満洲・台湾の言論界第4巻. Kanazawa-shi金沢市 : Kanazawa Bunpokaku金沢文圃閣.

Kim, Taehyeon金泰賢. 2012. “朝鮮における在留日本人社会と日本人経営新聞Chōsen ni okeru zairyū Nihonjin shakai to Nihonjin keiei shinbun.” Ph.D. diss., Kobe University. http://www.lib.kobe-u.ac.jp/infolib/meta_pub/G0000003kernel_D1005400

Ri, Sōtetsu李相哲. 2009. Chōsen ni okeru Nihonjin keiei shinbun no rekishi, sen-happyaku-hachijūichi--sen-kyūhyaku-shijūgo朝鮮における日本人経営新聞の歴史, 一八八一--一九四五 = History of Japanese journalism in Korea, 1881-1945. 東京Tōkyō: 角川学芸出版 Kadokawa Gakugei Shuppan.

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