Biruma Shinbun

Biruma Shinbun / ビルマ新聞, (Yangon, Myanmar)

Biruma Shinbun Masthead

The Biruma Shinbun was published by Biruma Shinbunsha in Yangon, Myanmar (formerly Rangoon, Burma) from January 1, 1943, after Japanese troops advanced to the capital. The Japanese army put Yomiuri Hōchi Shinbunsha in charge of the publication and the management of Biruma Shinbunsha. Since Burma was a major combat zone and the readership was comprised nearly exclusively of the Japanese army fighting there, the newspaper was considered to be an extension of newspaper on the battlegrounds. This was somewhat unique among Japanese press published in Southeast Asia during World War II. The allied troops closed down Biruma Shinbunsha on April 21, 1945.

ミャンマーのヤンゴン(旧称:ビルマ、ラングーン; 日本語名: 蘭貢)に日本軍侵攻後、『ビルマ新聞』は1943年1月1日からビルマ新聞社が発行した。日本陸軍が読売報知新聞社にビルマでの新聞発行、ビルマ新聞社の経営を行わせた。大戦地ビルマでの購読者層はほぼ同国の戦場の日本兵に限られており、戦時中の他の東南アジアの邦字新聞とは幾分異なり、陣中新聞の延長と考えられていた。ビルマ新聞社は1945年4月21日に連合軍により閉鎖された。

Hayase, Shinzō早瀬 晋三. “Nihon senryō・seiryokuka no Tōnan Ajia de hakkō sareta shinbun日本占領・勢力下の東南アジアで発行された新聞 =The Newspapers Published in Southeast Asia under Japanese Occupation and Influence in 1941–45.” Ajia Taiheiyō tōkyūアジア太平洋討究27 (2016): 61–100.

Rikugunshō 陸軍省. 1942. “Nanpō senryō chiiki ni okeru tsūshinsha oyobi shinbunsha kōsaku shori yōryō no ken南方占領地域に於ける通信社及び新聞社工作処理要領の件.” Rikua mitsudai nikki dai-41 gō 2/3 陸亜密大日記 第41号 2/3. Ref. No. C01000640900. Bōeichō Bōei Kenkyūjo 防衛省防衛研究所=The National Institute for Defense Studies, Ministry of Defense. https://www.jacar.go.jp/

Yomiuri Shinbun 100-nenshi Henshū Iinkai読売新聞 100年史編集委員会. 1976. Yomiuri Shinbun hyakunenshi読売新聞百年史. Tōkyō東京: Yomiuri Shinbunsha読売新聞社.

Takashi, Takahashi高橋 巍. “Biruma no shinbunビルマの新聞.” Kokusai bunka国際文化27 (1943): 68–72.

“Jinchū Biruma shinbun陣中ビルマ新聞.” Jinchū Biruma shinbuntsuzuri陣中ビルマ新聞綴. Ref. No. C14060421100. Bōeichō Bōei Kenkyūjo防衛省防衛研究所. https://www.jacar.go.jp/

“Waga sendan wo obiyakasu teki sensuikan gekichin わが船團を脅かす敵潜水艦撃沈.” Biruma shinbunビルマ新聞 (Rangu, Biruma) January 3, 1943. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/brs19430103-01.1.1

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