Agohazushi

Agohazushi / 腮はづ誌 [The Agohazushi], (San Francisco, CA)

Agohazushi Masthead

The Agohazushi was a magazine published by a group of Japanese men called Ryōzanpaku in San Francisco, headed by Bunzō “Shakuma” Washizu. The initial publication was in 1895. The Agohazuhi, meaning Jawbreaker, is considered to be the first Japanese humor magazine published in the United States. Differences between American and Japanese cultures and press practices, however, cost them. Publisher and editor Washizu and artist Kosen Takahashi were sued for libel on one of the published cartoons and served nine months in prison. The magazine stopped publishing after thirty-three issues in 1898. Washizu later became editor of the Nichibei Shinbun and published Zaibei Nihonjin shikan (Historical Review of the Japanese in America) in 1930 before returning to Japan in 1931. He was also one of the founders of the short-lived daily paper the Taihei Shinbun.

『腮はづ誌』は 鷲津(鷲頭)文三(尺魔)を中心とするサンフランシスコの日本人により創設された梁山泊が発行した雑誌である。 『腮はづ誌』 は顎外しをもじった雑誌名で、米国初の日本語滑稽雑誌と考えられている。しかし、日米の文化、出版慣習の相違が災い、 編集発行人鷲津、漫画製作者高橋孤泉は掲載した漫画に関し名誉毀損で訴えられ、9ヶ月の禁固刑に服した。33号を発行したが、1898年に同紙は廃刊になった。鷲津はその後、『日米新聞』の編集者 として活躍、1930年に『在米日本人史觀』を発行、1931年日本に帰国した。鷲津は『太平新聞』の創始者の一人でもある。

Ebihara, Hachirō 蛯原八郎. 1936. Kaigai hōji shinbun zasshishi : furoku, Kaigai hōjin gaiji shinbun zasshishi 海外邦字新聞雜誌史 ; 附錄. 海外邦人外字新聞雜誌史. Tōkyō 東京: Gakuji Shoin 學而書院.

Shin Nichibei Shinbunsha新日米新聞社. 1961. Nichibei shūkō hyakunensai kinen Beikoku Nikkeijin hyakunenshi: zaibei Nikkeijin hatten jinshiroku.日米修好百年祭記念米國日系人百年史 : 在米日系人発展人士錄,  edited by Shin’ichi Katō加藤新一. Los Angeles: Shin Nichibei Shinbunsha新日米新聞社.

Shoshū shinbun to zasshi諸衆新聞と雑誌, Yasuo Sakata Papers, Hoover Institution Archives.

Washizu, Shakuma鷲頭尺魔. “Wagahai no Beikoku seikatsu吾輩の米国生活.“ Nichibei Shinbun (San Francisco, CA), no.88.

Washizu, Shakuma鷲津尺魔. 1930. Zaibei Nihonjin shikan: fu, Zaibei zaifu Nihonjin rekishi no minamoto在米日本人史觀 ; 附. 在米在布日本人歷史の源. Rosuanzerusu-shiロスアンゼルス市: Rafu Shinpōsha羅府新報社.

[Washizu], Shakuma [鷲津]尺魔. “Rekishi inmetsu no tan (gojūsan) : shinbun zasshi no konjyaku seikatsu no soaku dai-ichi 歴史湮滅の嘆(五十三): 新聞雑誌の今昔 生活の粗悪第一.” Nichibei Shinbun (San Francisco, CA), May 30, 1922. Accessed June 19, 2017. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/jan19220530-01

“California Japanese History is Published.” The Japanese American Courier (Seattle, WA), May 3, 1930. Accessed June 13, 2017. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/jac19300503-01.1.4

“Colorful Pioneer Journalist in U.S., Shakuma Washizu, Expires in Japan; was First to Face Libel Suit here, Family in L.A.” Shin Sekai Asahi Shinbun (San Francisco, CA), April 10, 1936. Accessed June 13, 2017. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/nws19360410-01.1.7

“Death Stills Pen of Elder Literary Man: Shakuma Washizu Passes Away in Japan; Author of U.S. Japanese History, Former Editor here.” Rafu Shinpō (Los Angeles, CA), April 7, 1936. Accessed June 13, 2017. https://hojishinbun.hoover.org/en/newspapers/trs19360407-01.1.6

The headline transcript in the left pane was contributed from the Yasuo Sakata papers, Hoover Institution Archives.

画面左側にある手書き文字のヘッドラインの解読テキストは阪田安雄ペーパーズ(フーヴァー研究所アーカイブス)から引用しました。

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1896